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      英國 Labplant 噴霧干燥儀在奶粉中的應用

      發表時間:2021-11-30  |  點擊率:669

      英國 Labplant 噴霧干燥儀在奶粉中的應用


      Labplant spray dryer tests



      The milk used was reconstituted in the following way:


      200g  milk powder


      1.7L of tap water


      giving 2L of milk with a measured density of 1.045 at 21’C.


      We used a fixed flow, whatever the experiment ; pump flow set at 5, corresponding to



      Varying the injection temperature of the product


      We did a first test with an injection temperature of 130’C and then a second test at 140’C.

       We saw that spray drying was achieved, apparently, comfortably at these two 

      temperatures.Effectively no liquid ran along the walls of the main spray chamber, even at

      130’C. This meant that we could work at 140’C or 130’C given the stipulated flow.

      In theory it is preferable to work at 140’C, because the higher the temperature the better

      the yield. We will try to prove this through our experiments.


      Varying the compressed air ratio / feed flow



      We worked with a flow set at 5 (13.5mL/min) and compressed air set at 3 bars

      (constant air inlet valve opening).


      In theory to increase the size of the agglomerate, it is necessary to favour the agglomeration

       mechanism over the drying process. One of the possible means is to decrease the spraying

       rate. In the case of this equipment, to decrease the spraying rate you can either decrease the

      flow of compressed air through the injection nozzle (while keeping a constant pressure) or

      you can decrease the pressure of the compressed air (while keeping a constant flow).


      Therefore we tried two tests with constant air and liquid flows, varying the pressure from 2

      to 3 bars.We observed the look of the powders we obtained ; it was difficult to decide just

      with the naked eye, an additional granulometric(?) study would be necessary, but it did seem

      that the powder obtained with 3 bars of pressure was effectively finer than that obtained with

       2 bars.


      Research into the effective operational limits of the spray dryer



      We retained the same solution of reconstituted milk.


      At a given flow and pressure of air, we increased the flow of liquid from level 5

      (13.5mL/min) to level 10 (28.8mL/min). We very quickly saw that the formation of the

      spray in the atomisation tube was not good : in effect the quantity of liquid going through

      the tube was too much and could not be vaporised on exiting the tube. This was why we had

      some liquid that ran out of the tube, ran along the walls of the spray chamber, of the fan

      chamber (cyclone?) and even in the recuperation chamber. Under these conditions the yield

      of finished product would be bad.





      The experiments carried out and the experiment details are given below.


      Experiment 1 : starting from 100g/L of reconstituted milk


      Amount of milk powder


      Amount of water


      Volume of milk


      Density of milk


      Humidity of milk

              89.47 % mas

      Injection temp (??)


      Injection flow


      Working time

        40 min

      Compressed air pressure

       3 bars

      Humidity of labo

           21.8 %HR

         6g vapour / m3 air

      Ventilator flow

         70 m3/h

      Gas exit temp


      Air exit humidity

          18.8 %HR

          21.3g vapour / m3 air

      Bottle size


      Bottle + wet milk


      Bottle + dry milk



      From the experiment details we calculated the following:


      humidity of the milk : 100 x water mass (water mass + powder mass)


      numerical application : % humidity of the milk = 100 x 1700/(1700+200) = approx 89.5%

      the mass of the wet milk we collected = 391.9 – 339 = 52.9g


      the mass of the dry matter we collected = 390 – 339 = 51g


      humidity of the solid = 100 x (52.9 – 51)/52.9 = approx 3.6%


      Materials ‘balance sheet’ of the dry milk over the life of the experiment:


      at the start : dry matter is the result of the solution to be tested


      at the exit : dry matter of the solid that was obtained


      Numerical application


      a) at the start : 13.5mL/min x 1.045 g/mL x 40 min x (100-89.47)/100 = approx 59.4g

      b) at the exit : 51g


      c) solid yield = 100 x 51 / 59.4 = approx 85.9%


      Materials ‘balance sheet’ of the water over the life of the experiment


      b) at the start : (13.5mL/min x 1.045 g/mL x 40 min x 89.47 / 100) + 70 m3/h x 6 g/m3 x40/60 = 784.8 approx of water


      c) at the exit : (52.9g x 3.6 /100) + (70m3/h x 21.3 g/m3 x 40/60) = approx 995.9


      d) water yield = 100 x 995.9 / 784.8 = approx 127%


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